Reduce churn with critical NPS surveys

nps vs csat

NPS vs CSAT: Unraveling the Metrics for Customer Satisfaction

As businesses strive to improve customer experiences, two popular metrics emerge as key indicators of customer satisfaction: NPS vs CSAT. Both metrics can provide valuable insight into a company’s performance and help businesses fine-tune their customer service strategies. However, understanding the differences between the two can help companies make more informed decisions about which metric will best serve their unique needs.

NPS focuses on measuring customer loyalty by assessing the likelihood that a customer will recommend a company to others. This metric helps businesses understand their potential for growth, as satisfied customers often spread positive word-of-mouth and contribute to long-term success. On the other hand, CSAT measures a customer’s immediate satisfaction with a particular interaction, product, or service, providing more granular feedback to help improve transactional aspects of the customer experience.

While both NPS and CSAT can offer valuable perspectives on customer satisfaction, it is essential for businesses to carefully consider which metric aligns with their goals and objectives. Using the appropriate measurement can enable them to effectively address customer needs, strengthen relationships, and ultimately drive better business results.

Understanding NPS vs CSAT

Net Promoter Score (NPS)

The Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric that captures customer loyalty and their likelihood of recommending a business to others. It is calculated by asking customers a single question, typically on a scale from 0 to 10: “How likely are you to recommend our company/product/service to a friend or colleague?” Based on their responses, customers are then categorized into three groups:

  • Promoters (9-10): Loyal and enthusiastic customers who are likely to promote the business to others.
  • Passives (7-8): Satisfied but indifferent customers who may or may not recommend the business.
  • Detractors (0-6): Unhappy customers who are unlikely to recommend the business and may even discourage others from using it.

NPS is calculated by subtracting the percentage of detractors from the percentage of promoters, resulting in a score ranging from -100 to 100. A positive NPS indicates that there are more promoters than detractors, meaning that the company has more loyal customers and advocates.

Customer Satisfaction (CSAT)

Customer Satisfaction (CSAT) is a metric that focuses on measuring customers’ overall satisfaction with a specific product, service, or interaction. Typically, CSAT surveys ask customers to rate their experience on a scale, such as 1-5 or 1-10. The CSAT score is then calculated by dividing the sum of positive responses by the total number of responses and multiplying by 100 to express the result as a percentage.

Unlike NPS, which focuses on customer loyalty and long-term advocacy, CSAT is more transactional, capturing customers’ immediate satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a product or service. CSAT can be used to identify areas for improvement in specific aspects of customer experience, such as product features, customer support, or pricing.

Both NPS and CSAT provide valuable insights into customer experience, but they serve different purposes. NPS focuses on customer loyalty and word-of-mouth promotion, while CSAT emphasizes immediate satisfaction with specific aspects of a business’s offerings. To gain a comprehensive understanding of customer experience, it is advisable to use both metrics together. This approach allows businesses to address short-term customer satisfaction issues while also fostering long-term loyalty and advocacy.

Key Components and Measurements

NPS Components

Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric that helps businesses understand their customers’ loyalty to their brand. It measures the likelihood of customers recommending the company to others. NPS is calculated by asking customers a single question: “How likely are you to recommend our [product/service] to a friend or colleague?” The score ranges from -100 to 100 and is divided into three categories: Promoters, Passives, and Detractors.

  • Promoters are customers who give a score of 9 or 10. They are enthusiastic about the company, likely to promote it and make repeat purchases.
  • Passives are customers who score 7 or 8. They are satisfied with the company but might not actively promote it. They could also be swayed by competitors.
  • Detractors are customers who give a score of 0 to 6. They are unsatisfied with the company and can potentially harm its reputation.

To calculate the NPS score, subtract the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters. Passives are not factored into the final score. NPS scores can be benchmarked against industry standards to gauge a company’s performance.

CSAT Components

Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT) is another metric used to measure customer experience. It focuses on customer satisfaction with specific products or services. CSAT surveys typically consist of questions related to the customers’ experiences, followed by a rating scale (e.g., 1-5, where 1 is “very unsatisfied” and 5 is “very satisfied”).

To calculate the CSAT score, companies use the following formula:

CSAT = (Number of satisfied responses / Number of total responses) x 100

The resulting score represents the percentage of satisfied customers. Similar to NPS, businesses can use industry benchmarks to compare their CSAT scores with competitors.

In summary, NPS and CSAT use different measurements to evaluate customer experience and loyalty. While NPS focuses on customer loyalty and their likelihood to recommend the company, CSAT emphasizes satisfaction with specific products or services. Both metrics provide valuable feedback to help businesses understand and improve their customer experience.

Applying NPS and CSAT in Business

Transactional Use

In the context of transactional use, businesses employ CSAT (Customer Satisfaction Score) to assess customer sentiment after a specific interaction or touchpoint. By utilizing customer satisfaction surveys, companies can gather immediate feedback and identify any issues related to their product offerings or customer service. This allows them to make prompt improvements and maintain high levels of customer satisfaction.

For instance, suppose a customer has recently made a purchase or interacted with your support team. In such cases, using CSAT surveys to gather their feedback can provide valuable insights into their experience, helping you take appropriate actions to enhance your sales and customer retention strategies.

Some key benefits of transactional CSAT surveys include:

  • Identifying pain points in the customer journey
  • Measuring the effectiveness of customer touchpoints
  • Evaluating customer effort score and reducing the effort required for successful outcomes

Relational Use

On the other hand, NPS (Net Promoter Score) serves as a relational metric, focusing on measuring the long-term loyalty of your customer base. By asking customers how likely they are to recommend your company to others, NPS helps you estimate customer satisfaction and loyalty beyond individual transactions.

This approach enables you to gauge overall customer sentiment and identify areas for improvement within your business strategy. It can also provide insights into potential growth opportunities by indicating the likelihood of customers promoting your brand within their social circles.

When applying NPS as a complementary solution to CSAT, businesses can develop a more holistic approach to customer feedback and satisfaction. Some benefits of using NPS as a relational metric include:

  • Uncovering trends in customer sentiment over time
  • Identifying promoters, passives, and detractors within your customer base
  • Evaluating the long-term impact of customer strategies and initiatives

By combining the transactional insights from CSAT and the relational perspectives from NPS, companies can optimize their approach to customer feedback and effectively enhance customer satisfaction, loyalty, and ultimately, business success.

Methods of Collecting Feedback


Surveys are a popular method for gathering customer feedback and can help businesses identify areas of improvement, spot trends, and track changes over time. Two widely used customer experience metrics include Net Promoter Score (NPS) and Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT) surveys. NPS surveys evaluate customer loyalty by asking how likely they are to recommend the company to friends or colleagues, often on a scale of 0-10. A higher score indicates more loyal and satisfied customers, leading to increased revenue and decreased churn. On the other hand, CSAT surveys measure happiness with a specific product, service, or interaction by asking customers to rate their satisfaction, usually on a scale of 1-5 stars. Both NPS and CSAT can be used to analyze responses and guide data-driven decisions for marketing campaigns, product development, and customer support.

Onboarding Process

The onboarding process is another critical area where businesses can collect valuable feedback. As new customers start using a product or service, their initial experiences can offer insights into the usability, design, and overall effectiveness of the offering. Companies can monitor customer engagement, identify barriers, and gather feedback during this stage to make improvements that enhance the overall customer experience. Tracking and analyzing these early interactions can reveal patterns and trends, helping teams identify areas of friction and take corrective steps to optimize the onboarding process.

Support Interactions

Customer support interactions provide a wealth of information on customer preferences, pain points, and satisfaction levels. By closely monitoring customer interactions with support teams, businesses can identify common challenges, uncover opportunities for improvement, and enhance the quality of support provided. One way to gather feedback during support interactions is by using Customer Effort Score (CES) surveys. These surveys measure the ease of resolving an issue and can be used to evaluate support interactions’ effectiveness in addressing customer concerns. In addition, tracking support interactions over time can provide valuable insights into emerging trends, changes in customer expectations, and areas for improvements, ultimately leading to increased customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Analyzing and Interpreting Results

This section provides insights on analyzing and interpreting results for two popular customer satisfaction metrics: Net Promoter Score (NPS) and Customer Satisfaction (CSAT). Proper analysis can help improve customer loyalty and reduce customer churn rate.

NPS Analysis

To analyze and interpret NPS results effectively, it is essential to categorize respondents into three groups: Promoters, Passives, and Detractors. These classifications will help identify potential brand advocates and customers who may churn.

  1. Promoters (Score: 9-10) – These are the most satisfied and loyal customers who are likely to recommend the product or service to others.
  2. Passives (Score: 7-8) – These customers are satisfied but not overly enthusiastic, and their loyalty is not guaranteed.
  3. Detractors (Score: 0-6) – These customers are dissatisfied and may express negative feedback or even persuade others not to use the product or service.

An effective NPS analysis focuses on understanding the reasons behind each group’s scores, using additional survey questions and engagements. By addressing issues and concerns of Detractors and Passives, companies can convert them into Promoters and increase their brand advocacy.

For calculating NPS, one can use an NPS calculator or manually apply the following formula:

NPS = (% of Promoters – % of Detractors) x 100

CSAT Analysis

Interpreting CSAT scores and results helps identify areas of improvement, specific customer pain points, and opportunities for enhancing the customer experience. Analyzing CSAT involves:

  1. Identifying trends: Examine aggregated scores across customer segments, products, or services. This helps spot overall performance trends, enabling the identification of strong and weak areas.
  2. Understanding feedback: Analyze open-ended comments to comprehend why certain customers are dissatisfied or neutral. This qualitative analysis can uncover specific pain points that need addressing.
  3. Comparing with benchmarks: Compare company CSAT scores to industry benchmarks to understand the competitive standing and identify potential improvement avenues.

When conducting CSAT analysis, it is crucial to consider possible response biases, such as ‘extreme response tendency’ or ‘non-response bias,’ and take appropriate measures to minimize them. Applying these methods, companies can enhance customer satisfaction and reduce potential customer churn.

Industry Benchmarks and Trends

In recent years, businesses have focused on understanding and improving customer satisfaction using various metrics. Two popular customer satisfaction metrics are CSAT (Customer Satisfaction) and NPS (Net Promoter Score). These metrics differ in their focus and measurement approach but can provide valuable insights into customer experience and loyalty.

CSAT measures how satisfied customers are with a particular business, interaction, or feature 1. On the other hand, NPS evaluates the likelihood that a customer would recommend a company’s product or service to friends, family, and acquaintances 2. Different industries have specific benchmarks for these metrics, which can help companies assess their performance and identify areas for improvement.

For example, in the software industry, the average CSAT score in 2022 was 78, while banks and health insurance companies had similar averages of 78 and 73, respectively 3. Social media platforms demonstrated slightly lower satisfaction levels, with an average CSAT score of 71, while online travel businesses had a decent average score of 76 3.

NPS benchmarks also exhibit considerable variation across industries. Notably, Tesla has achieved an exceptional NPS score of +97, with 99% of Tesla customers willing to recommend the automobile manufacturer to their friends – an exceptional level of customer loyalty that is quite rare 4.

These metrics indicate overall trends across industries, with certain sectors attaining higher CSAT and NPS scores. This information can help businesses identify and analyze the factors contributing to industry-specific customer satisfaction levels.

Monitoring industry benchmarks and trends remains crucial in maintaining or improving business performance. A thorough understanding of CSAT and NPS metrics and their respective benchmarks allows companies to gauge their position in the market and develop strategies to address customer satisfaction and loyalty effectively.


  1. https://www.qualtrics.com/experience-management/customer/csat-vs-nps/
  2. https://idiomatic.com/blog/nps-benchmark-by-industry/
  3. https://www.fullview.io/blog/csat-benchmarks-by-industry 2
  4. https://idiomatic.com/blog/nps-benchmark-by-industry/


When comparing NPS and CSAT, it is essential to understand that each metric serves a distinct purpose in measuring different aspects of customer satisfaction. While NPS focuses on evaluating customer loyalty and predicting long-term growth, CSAT specifically measures customers’ satisfaction with individual transactions or experiences.

Companies should consider implementing both metrics in their feedback strategies since they complement each other. For instance, NPS provides insights into overall satisfaction and customer advocate potential, while CSAT concentrates on immediate feedback related to particular products or services. By combining these metrics, businesses can gain a more comprehensive understanding of their customers’ experiences and make informed decisions on improving their products, services, and customer interactions.

In terms of ease of use, CSAT scores stand out for their simplicity and straightforwardness. Customers can easily rate their satisfaction on a scale, while employees can quickly grasp and act upon the collected data. NPS, on the other hand, might require more in-depth analysis to identify areas of improvement.

Ultimately, both NPS and CSAT offer valuable insights into customer satisfaction, but their effectiveness depends on the context and goals of the organization. By utilizing both metrics and adapting them to specific business needs, companies can achieve a more balanced strategy in managing their customer relationships and improving customer satisfaction.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the key differences between NPS and CSAT?

NPS (Net Promoter Score) and CSAT (Customer Satisfaction Score) are two common customer satisfaction metrics. The primary difference between them lies in their focus. While NPS measures customers’ likelihood to recommend a business, CSAT is concerned with customers’ satisfaction with a specific product, service, or interaction. NPS is generally considered more relational, while CSAT is more transactional.

How do NPS and CSAT scores impact customer satisfaction?

Both NPS and CSAT are designed to help businesses understand and improve customer satisfaction. High scores in either metric indicate that a company is meeting or exceeding its customers’ expectations. By tracking these scores, businesses can identify areas where improvement is needed and work towards providing better customer experiences.

Can we use both NPS and CSAT for measuring customer satisfaction?

Yes, it is possible and often beneficial to use both NPS and CSAT metrics when evaluating customer satisfaction. Using both metrics can provide a more comprehensive view of a customer’s experiences with a business, as NPS and CSAT measure different aspects of customer satisfaction and can be complementary.

What factors influence NPS and CSAT scores?

Various factors can influence NPS and CSAT scores, including product or service quality, customer expectations, and individual customer experiences. Businesses can improve these scores by addressing customer concerns and enhancing the overall customer experience through attentive customer service and continuous improvement of products and services.

How do businesses choose between NPS and CSAT to measure customer experience?

The choice between NPS and CSAT largely depends on a business’s specific goals and objectives. If the focus is on building long-term relationships and market reputation, NPS might be a more appropriate metric. However, if the focus is on improving individual transactions or customer interactions, CSAT may be more suitable. It is essential for businesses to consider their needs and priorities when selecting a customer satisfaction metric.

What methods are used to calculate NPS and CSAT?

For NPS, customers are asked to rate on a scale of 0 to 10 how likely they are to recommend a business to a friend or colleague. Based on their response, customers are classified into three categories: Promoters (9-10), Passives (7-8), and Detractors (0-6). The NPS is calculated by subtracting the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters.

CSAT scores are determined by asking customers to rate their satisfaction with a specific product, service, or interaction on a predetermined scale (usually 1 to 5 or 1 to 7). The average score is then calculated by adding up all the individual scores and dividing the sum by the total number of respondents.

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